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主机、硬件监控(node_exporter)

介绍

有关node_exporter参照:

https://github.com/prometheus/node_exporter

主机内存不足

告警条件:节点内存已满(剩余 < 10%)

  - alert: HostOutOfMemory
    expr: node_memory_MemAvailable_bytes / node_memory_MemTotal_bytes * 100 < 10
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host out of memory (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "节点内存已满 (< 10%)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

内存压力下的主机内存

节点内存压力大。重大页面错误率高

  - alert: HostMemoryUnderMemoryPressure
    expr: rate(node_vmstat_pgmajfault[1m]) > 1000
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host memory under memory pressure (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "The node is under heavy memory pressure. High rate of major page faults\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机异常的网络吞吐量

主机网络接口接收数据繁忙(> 100 MB/s)

  - alert: HostUnusualNetworkThroughputIn
    expr: sum by (instance) (rate(node_network_receive_bytes_total[2m])) / 1024 / 1024 > 100
    for: 5m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host unusual network throughput in (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Host network interfaces are probably receiving too much data (> 100 MB/s)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机异常网络吞吐量输出

主机网络接口可能发送太多数据(> 100 MB/s)

  - alert: HostUnusualNetworkThroughputOut
    expr: sum by (instance) (rate(node_network_transmit_bytes_total[2m])) / 1024 / 1024 > 100
    for: 5m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host unusual network throughput out (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Host network interfaces are probably sending too much data (> 100 MB/s)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机异常磁盘读取率

磁盘可能正在读取太多数据(> 50 MB/s)

  - alert: HostUnusualDiskReadRate
    expr: sum by (instance) (rate(node_disk_read_bytes_total[2m])) / 1024 / 1024 > 50
    for: 5m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host unusual disk read rate (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Disk is probably reading too much data (> 50 MB/s)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机异常磁盘写入率

磁盘可能正在写入太多数据(> 50 MB/s)

  - alert: HostUnusualDiskWriteRate
    expr: sum by (instance) (rate(node_disk_written_bytes_total[2m])) / 1024 / 1024 > 50
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host unusual disk write rate (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Disk is probably writing too much data (> 50 MB/s)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机磁盘空间不足

磁盘几乎已满(剩余 < 10%)

  # Please add ignored mountpoints in node_exporter parameters like
  # "--collector.filesystem.ignored-mount-points=^/(sys|proc|dev|run)($|/)".
  # Same rule using "node_filesystem_free_bytes" will fire when disk fills for non-root users.
  - alert: HostOutOfDiskSpace
    expr: (node_filesystem_avail_bytes * 100) / node_filesystem_size_bytes < 10 and ON (instance, device, mountpoint) node_filesystem_readonly == 0
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host out of disk space (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Disk is almost full (< 10% left)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机盘将在 24 小时内填满

预计文件系统将在未来 24 小时内以当前写入速率耗尽空间

  # Please add ignored mountpoints in node_exporter parameters like
  # "--collector.filesystem.ignored-mount-points=^/(sys|proc|dev|run)($|/)".
  # Same rule using "node_filesystem_free_bytes" will fire when disk fills for non-root users.
  - alert: HostDiskWillFillIn24Hours
    expr: (node_filesystem_avail_bytes * 100) / node_filesystem_size_bytes < 10 and ON (instance, device, mountpoint) predict_linear(node_filesystem_avail_bytes{fstype!~"tmpfs"}[1h], 24 * 3600) < 0 and ON (instance, device, mountpoint) node_filesystem_readonly == 0
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host disk will fill in 24 hours (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Filesystem is predicted to run out of space within the next 24 hours at current write rate\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机 inode 不足

磁盘几乎用完了可用的 inode(剩余不到 10%)

  - alert: HostOutOfInodes
    expr: node_filesystem_files_free{mountpoint ="/rootfs"} / node_filesystem_files{mountpoint="/rootfs"} * 100 < 10 and ON (instance, device, mountpoint) node_filesystem_readonly{mountpoint="/rootfs"} == 0
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host out of inodes (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Disk is almost running out of available inodes (< 10% left)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机 inode 将在 24 小时内填写

预计文件系统将在未来 24 小时内以当前写入速率耗尽 inode

  - alert: HostInodesWillFillIn24Hours
    expr: node_filesystem_files_free{mountpoint ="/rootfs"} / node_filesystem_files{mountpoint="/rootfs"} * 100 < 10 and predict_linear(node_filesystem_files_free{mountpoint="/rootfs"}[1h], 24 * 3600) < 0 and ON (instance, device, mountpoint) node_filesystem_readonly{mountpoint="/rootfs"} == 0
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host inodes will fill in 24 hours (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Filesystem is predicted to run out of inodes within the next 24 hours at current write rate\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机异常磁盘读取延迟

磁盘延迟正在增长(读取操作 > 100 毫秒)

  - alert: HostUnusualDiskReadLatency
    expr: rate(node_disk_read_time_seconds_total[1m]) / rate(node_disk_reads_completed_total[1m]) > 0.1 and rate(node_disk_reads_completed_total[1m]) > 0
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host unusual disk read latency (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Disk latency is growing (read operations > 100ms)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机异常磁盘写入延迟

磁盘延迟正在增长(写入操作 > 100 毫秒)

  - alert: HostUnusualDiskWriteLatency
    expr: rate(node_disk_write_time_seconds_total[1m]) / rate(node_disk_writes_completed_total[1m]) > 0.1 and rate(node_disk_writes_completed_total[1m]) > 0
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host unusual disk write latency (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Disk latency is growing (write operations > 100ms)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机高 CPU 负载

CPU 负载 > 80%

  - alert: HostHighCpuLoad
    expr: 100 - (avg by(instance) (rate(node_cpu_seconds_total{mode="idle"}[2m])) * 100) > 80
    for: 0m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host high CPU load (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "CPU load is > 80%\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机 CPU 窃取嘈杂的邻居

CPU 窃取率 > 10%。嘈杂的邻居正在扼杀 VM 性能,或者 Spot 实例可能已失去信用。
Steal 值比较高的话,你需要向主机供应商申请扩容虚拟机。服务器上的另一个虚拟机可能拥有更大更多的 CPU 时间片,你可能需要申请升级以与之竞争。另外,高 steal 值可能意味着主机供应商在服务器上过量地出售虚拟机。如果升级了虚拟机, steal 值还是不降的话,你应该寻找另一家服务供应商。

  - alert: HostCpuStealNoisyNeighbor
    expr: avg by(instance) (rate(node_cpu_seconds_total{mode="steal"}[5m])) * 100 > 10
    for: 0m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host CPU steal noisy neighbor (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "CPU steal is > 10%. A noisy neighbor is killing VM performances or a spot instance may be out of credit.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机上下文切换

节点上的上下文切换正在增长(> 1000 / s)

  # 1000 context switches is an arbitrary number.
  # Alert threshold depends on nature of application.
  # Please read: https://github.com/samber/awesome-prometheus-alerts/issues/58
  - alert: HostContextSwitching
    expr: (rate(node_context_switches_total[5m])) / (count without(cpu, mode) (node_cpu_seconds_total{mode="idle"})) > 1000
    for: 0m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host context switching (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Context switching is growing on node (> 1000 / s)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机swap已满

swap已满 (>80%)

  - alert: HostSwapIsFillingUp
    expr: (1 - (node_memory_SwapFree_bytes / node_memory_SwapTotal_bytes)) * 100 > 80
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host swap is filling up (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Swap is filling up (>80%)\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机 systemd 服务崩溃

systemd 服务崩溃

  - alert: HostSystemdServiceCrashed
    expr: node_systemd_unit_state{state="failed"} == 1
    for: 0m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host systemd service crashed (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "systemd service crashed\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机物理组件过热

物理硬件组件过热

  - alert: HostPhysicalComponentTooHot
    expr: node_hwmon_temp_celsius > 75
    for: 5m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host physical component too hot (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Physical hardware component too hot\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机节点超温报警

物理节点温度告警触发

  - alert: HostNodeOvertemperatureAlarm
    expr: node_hwmon_temp_crit_alarm_celsius == 1
    for: 0m
    labels:
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      summary: Host node overtemperature alarm (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Physical node temperature alarm triggered\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机 RAID 阵列处于非活动状态

由于一个或多个磁盘故障,RAID 阵列 {{ $labels.device }} 处于降级状态。备用驱动器的数量不足以自动修复问题。

  - alert: HostRaidArrayGotInactive
    expr: node_md_state{state="inactive"} > 0
    for: 0m
    labels:
      severity: critical
    annotations:
      summary: Host RAID array got inactive (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "RAID array {{ $labels.device }} is in degraded state due to one or more disks failures. Number of spare drives is insufficient to fix issue automatically.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机 RAID 磁盘故障

{{ $labels.instance }} 上的 RAID 阵列中至少有一个设备失败。数组 {{ $labels.md_device }} 需要注意,可能需要磁盘交换

  - alert: HostRaidDiskFailure
    expr: node_md_disks{state="failed"} > 0
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host RAID disk failure (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "At least one device in RAID array on {{ $labels.instance }} failed. Array {{ $labels.md_device }} needs attention and possibly a disk swap\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机内核版本偏差

不同的内核版本正在运行

  - alert: HostKernelVersionDeviations
    expr: count(sum(label_replace(node_uname_info, "kernel", "$1", "release", "([0-9]+.[0-9]+.[0-9]+).*")) by (kernel)) > 1
    for: 6h
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host kernel version deviations (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Different kernel versions are running\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

检测到主机 OOM 终止

检测到 OOM 终止

  - alert: HostOomKillDetected
    expr: increase(node_vmstat_oom_kill[1m]) > 0
    for: 0m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host OOM kill detected (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "OOM kill detected\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

检测到主机 EDAC 可纠正错误

主机 {{ $labels.instance }} 在过去 5 分钟内出现了 EDAC 报告的 {{ printf "%.0f" $value }} 可纠正内存错误。

  - alert: HostEdacCorrectableErrorsDetected
    expr: increase(node_edac_correctable_errors_total[1m]) > 0
    for: 0m
    labels:
      severity: info
    annotations:
      summary: Host EDAC Correctable Errors detected (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Host {{ $labels.instance }} has had {{ printf \"%.0f\" $value }} correctable memory errors reported by EDAC in the last 5 minutes.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

检测到主机 EDAC 不可纠正错误

主机 {{ $labels.instance }} 在过去 5 分钟内出现了 EDAC 报告的 {{ printf "%.0f" $value }} 不可纠正的内存错误。

  - alert: HostEdacUncorrectableErrorsDetected
    expr: node_edac_uncorrectable_errors_total > 0
    for: 0m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host EDAC Uncorrectable Errors detected (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Host {{ $labels.instance }} has had {{ printf \"%.0f\" $value }} uncorrectable memory errors reported by EDAC in the last 5 minutes.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机网络接收错误

主机 {{ $labels.instance }} 接口 {{ $labels.device }} 在过去两分钟内遇到 {{ printf "%.0f" $value }} 接收错误。

  - alert: HostNetworkReceiveErrors
    expr: rate(node_network_receive_errs_total[2m]) / rate(node_network_receive_packets_total[2m]) > 0.01
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host Network Receive Errors (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Host {{ $labels.instance }} interface {{ $labels.device }} has encountered {{ printf \"%.0f\" $value }} receive errors in the last two minutes.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机网络传输错误

主机 {{ $labels.instance }} 接口 {{ $labels.device }} 在过去两分钟内遇到 {{ printf "%.0f" $value }} 传输错误。

  - alert: HostNetworkTransmitErrors
    expr: rate(node_network_transmit_errs_total[2m]) / rate(node_network_transmit_packets_total[2m]) > 0.01
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host Network Transmit Errors (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Host {{ $labels.instance }} interface {{ $labels.device }} has encountered {{ printf \"%.0f\" $value }} transmit errors in the last two minutes.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机网络接口饱和

{{ $labels.instance }}”上的网络接口“{{ $labels.device }}”正在过载。

  - alert: HostNetworkInterfaceSaturated
    expr: (rate(node_network_receive_bytes_total{device!~"^tap.*"}[1m]) + rate(node_network_transmit_bytes_total{device!~"^tap.*"}[1m])) / node_network_speed_bytes{device!~"^tap.*"} > 0.8 < 10000
    for: 1m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host Network Interface Saturated (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "The network interface \"{{ $labels.device }}\" on \"{{ $labels.instance }}\" is getting overloaded.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机网络绑定降级

绑定“{{ $labels.device }}”在“{{ $labels.instance }}”上降级。

  - alert: HostNetworkBondDegraded
    expr: (node_bonding_active - node_bonding_slaves) != 0
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host Network Bond Degraded (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Bond \"{{ $labels.device }}\" degraded on \"{{ $labels.instance }}\".\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机连接限制

conntrack的数量接近极限

  - alert: HostConntrackLimit
    expr: node_nf_conntrack_entries / node_nf_conntrack_entries_limit > 0.8
    for: 5m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host conntrack limit (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "The number of conntrack is approaching limit\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机时钟偏差

检测到时钟偏差。时钟不同步。确保在此主机上正确配置了 NTP。

  - alert: HostClockSkew
    expr: (node_timex_offset_seconds > 0.05 and deriv(node_timex_offset_seconds[5m]) >= 0) or (node_timex_offset_seconds < -0.05 and deriv(node_timex_offset_seconds[5m]) <= 0)
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host clock skew (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Clock skew detected. Clock is out of sync. Ensure NTP is configured correctly on this host.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机时钟不同步

时钟不同步。确保在此主机上配置了 NTP。

  - alert: HostClockNotSynchronising
    expr: min_over_time(node_timex_sync_status[1m]) == 0 and node_timex_maxerror_seconds >= 16
    for: 2m
    labels:
      severity: warning
    annotations:
      summary: Host clock not synchronising (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "Clock not synchronising. Ensure NTP is configured on this host.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"

主机需要重启

{{ $labels.instance }} 需要重新启动。

  - alert: HostRequiresReboot
    expr: node_reboot_required > 0
    for: 4h
    labels:
      severity: info
    annotations:
      summary: Host requires reboot (instance {{ $labels.instance }})
      description: "{{ $labels.instance }} requires a reboot.\n  VALUE = {{ $value }}\n  LABELS = {{ $labels }}"
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